M. A.  Saldanha, MD
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The Services & Resources section of our site is designed to give you a brief description of common neurological and sleep disorders. You will also find helpful links to informative websites.

Common disorders treated at the Miami Shores Neurology & Sleep Institute:

Dementia: Dementia is a descriptive term for a collection of symptoms that can be caused by a number of disorders that affect the brain. Dementia is manifest in significantly impaired intellectual functioning that interferes with normal activities and relationships

Epilepsy: Recurrent seizures, some may be violent in nature others may be manifest in  episodes of prolonged staring.

Excessive Sleepiness or Fatigue:  Excessive sleepiness is a problem which results in a reduced quality of life, decrease productivity and can have a profound impact on the patient.

Fibromyalgia: Fibromyalgia is a medical syndrome that causes widespread pain and stiffness in the muscles and joints, problems sleeping and chronic daytime fatigue.

Insomnia:  Inability to sleep or stay asleep.

Migraine Headaches: A migraine headache can cause intense throbbing or pulsing in one area of the head and is commonly accompanied by nausea, vomiting, and extreme sensitivity to light and sound. Migraine attacks can cause significant pain for hours to days.

Narcolepsy: Narcolepsy is a disorder caused when the brain is unable to regulate sleep-wake cycles normally.

Nightmares/Dream Disorders: Frightening or disturbing dreams on a recurrent basis, night terrors during REM sleep.

Periodic Limb Movement Disorder: Periodic limb movement disorder are movements such as brief muscle twitches, jerking movements or an upward flexing of the feet.

Parkinson's disease (PD): Parkinson's disease belongs to a group of conditions called motor system disorders, which are the result of the loss of dopamine-producing brain cells. The four primary symptoms of PD are tremor, or trembling in hands, arms, legs, jaw, and face; rigidity, or stiffness of the limbs and trunk; bradykinesia, or slowness of movement; and postural instability, or impaired balance and coordination. As these symptoms become more pronounced, patients may have difficulty walking, talking, or completing other simple tasks. Early symptoms of PD are subtle and occur gradually.  

REM Behavior Disorder: Acting out dreams. Physical movement of the limbs, walking or activities associated with being awake while asleep.

Restless Leg Syndrome: Restless legs syndrome (RLS)  aching, tingling sensations deep within the legs.  

Sleep Apnea: Sleep apnea is a disorder in which breathing is briefly and repeatedly interrupted during sleep.

Sleepwalking: (Somnambulism)  behavior disorder during deep sleep and resulting in walking or performing other complex behaviors while asleep.

Snoring: Snoring is noisy breathing during sleep which can be very disruptive to sleep for both genders.  Snoring effects millions of people every year.

Stroke: A stroke is caused by a ruptures blood vessel in the brain resulting in loss of consciousness, often followed by paralysis, or an embolism affecting blood circulation to the brain.

Teeth grinding: Sleep bruxism, also known as nocturnal tooth grinding, is the clenching or grinding teeth during sleep.

Resource Website Links:

American Academy of Sleep Medicine: http://www.aasmnet.org/

American Academy of Neurology: http://www.aan.com/